DOI: 10.3390/universe9090389 ISSN:

A First Analysis of the Ensemble of Local Maxima of Maximal Center Gauge

Zeinab Dehghan, Rudolf Golubich, Roman Höllwieser, Manfried Faber
  • General Physics and Astronomy

Maximal center gauge (MCG) aims to detect some of the most important vacuum configurations, suggesting thick magnetic flux tubes quantized to non-trivial center elements of the gauge group being responsible for confinement. Due to the NP-hardness of a global maximization of the gauge functional only numeric procedures aiming for local maxima are possible. We observe a linear decrease in the string tension with increasing gauge functional value of the local maxima. This implies that the request to get as close as possible to the absolute maximum is unattainable. We compare global properties of the ensemble of local maxima with other methods to detect center vortices and with determinations of the string tension from full configurations. This comparison indicates that the information about the number and positions of center vortices is contained in the structure of the ensemble of local maxima. This may pave the way for a future more successful formulation of the gauge condition.

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