DOI: 10.3390/app14010386 ISSN: 2076-3417

A Feature-Oriented Reconstruction Method for Surface-Defect Detection on Aluminum Profiles

Shancheng Tang, Ying Zhang, Zicheng Jin, Jianhui Lu, Heng Li, Jiqing Yang
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • General Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • General Materials Science

The number of defect samples on the surface of aluminum profiles is small, and the distribution of abnormal visual features is dispersed, such that the existing supervised detection methods cannot effectively detect undefined defects. At the same time, the normal texture of the aluminum profile surface presents non-uniform and non-periodic features, and this irregular distribution makes it difficult for classical reconstruction networks to accurately reconstruct the normal features, resulting in low performance of related unsupervised detection methods. Aiming at such problems, a feature-oriented reconstruction method of unsupervised surface-defect detection method for aluminum profiles is proposed. The aluminum profile image preprocessing stage uses techniques such as boundary extraction, background removal, and data normalization to process the original image and extract the image of the main part of the aluminum profile, which reduces the influence of irrelevant data features on the algorithm. The essential features learning stage precedes the feature-optimization module to eliminate the texture interference of the irregular distribution of the aluminum profile surface, and image blocks of the area images are reconstructed one by one to extract the features through the mask. The defect-detection stage compares the structural similarity of the feature images before and after the reconstruction, and comprehensively determines the detection results. The experimental results improve detection precision by 1.4% and the F1 value by 1.2% over the existing unsupervised methods, proving the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed method.

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