DOI: 10.3390/pharmaceutics15092255 ISSN:

A Drug-Eluting Injectable NanoGel for Localized Delivery of Anticancer Drugs to Solid Tumors

Brent Godau, Sadaf Samimi, Amir Seyfoori, Ehsan Samiei, Tahereh Khani, Parvaneh Naserzadeh, Alireza Hassani Najafabadi, Emal Lesha, Keivan Majidzadeh-A, Behnaz Ashtari, Gabriel Charest, Christophe Morin, David Fortin, Mohsen Akbari
  • Pharmaceutical Science

Systemically administered chemotherapy reduces the efficiency of the anticancer agent at the target tumor tissue and results in distributed drug to non-target organs, inducing negative side effects commonly associated with chemotherapy and necessitating repeated administration. Injectable hydrogels present themselves as a potential platform for non-invasive local delivery vehicles that can serve as a slow-releasing drug depot that fills tumor vasculature, tissue, or resection cavities. Herein, we have systematically formulated and tested an injectable shear-thinning hydrogel (STH) with a highly manipulable release profile for delivering doxorubicin, a common chemotherapeutic. By detailed characterization of the STH physical properties and degradation and release dynamics, we selected top candidates for testing in cancer models of increasing biomimicry. Two-dimensional cell culture, tumor-on-a-chip, and small animal models were used to demonstrate the high anticancer potential and reduced systemic toxicity of the STH that exhibits long-term (up to 80 days) doxorubicin release profiles for treatment of breast cancer and glioblastoma. The drug-loaded STH injected into tumor tissue was shown to increase overall survival in breast tumor- and glioblastoma-bearing animal models by 50% for 22 days and 25% for 52 days, respectively, showing high potential for localized, less frequent treatment of oncologic disease with reduced dosage requirements.

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