Nachuan Song, Xiaoting Fan, Xiaocui Guo, Jianpu Tang, Hongjin Li, Ruoyu Tao, Fengqin Li, Junru Li, Dayong Yang, Chi Yao, Peifeng Liu

A DNA/Upconversion Nanoparticle Complex Enables Controlled Co‐Delivery of CRISPR‐Cas9 and Photodynamic Agents for Synergistic Cancer Therapy

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • General Materials Science

AbstractPhotodynamic therapy (PDT) is a noninvasive therapeutic strategy that depends on the light‐irradiated exciting of photosensitizer (PS) to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS), which faces challenges and limitations in hypoxia and antioxidant response of cancer cells, and limited tissue‐penetration of light. Herein, we develop a multi‐functional DNA/upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) complex that enables controlled co‐delivery of CRISPR‐Cas9, hemin, and protoporphyrin (PP) for synergistic PDT activated by near‐infrared (NIR) light. An ultra‐long ssDNA is prepared via rolling circle amplification (RCA), which contains recognition sequences of sgRNA for loading Cas9 ribonucleoprotein (RNP), G‐quadruplex sequences for loading hemin and PP, and linker sequences for combining UCNP. Cas9 RNP precisely cleaves the antioxidant regulator nuclear factor E2‐related factor 2 (Nrf2) gene, improving the sensitivity of cancer cells to ROS, and enhancing the synergistic PDT effect. The G‐quadruplex/hemin DNAzyme mimicks horseradish peroxidase (HRP) to catalyze the endogenous H2O2 to O2, overcoming the hypoxia condition in tumors. The introduced UCNP converts NIR irradiation with deep tissue penetration to light with shorter wavelength, exciting PP to transform the abundant O2 to 1O2. The integration of gene editing and PDT allows substantial accumulation of 1O2 in cancer cells for enhanced cell apoptosis, and this synergistic PDT has shown remarkable therapeutic efficacy in a breast cancer mouse model.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved

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