DOI: 10.3390/app14010247 ISSN: 2076-3417

A Digital Track Map-Assisted SINS/OD Fusion Algorithm for Onboard Train Localization

Wei Chen, Gongliu Yang, Yongqiang Tu
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • General Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • General Materials Science

Accurate and reliable speed and position estimation plays an important role in the safety and efficiency of intelligent railway vehicles. Due to the level required of safety, reliability, and strong norms in the current practical application, intelligent railway vehicle positioning heavily relies on a large number of balises laid on the track and the onboard odometer (OD), while the other position method, GNSS introduction, is relatively slow. This article proposed a digital track map-assisted onboard railway location system using strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS) and OD. The proposed method consists of two steps. First, an SINS- and OD-integrated navigation method based on OD velocity integration is in the inner circle. Then, a map-matching algorithm based on vertical projection and heading weighting was employed, and when the matching outer circle results were obtained, the positions obtained from the matching outer circles were used to replace the positions obtained from SINS/OD for the Kalman filter combination. The performance of our algorithm was verified using field tests, and SINS/OD and SINS/OD/MM comparison data processing results prove that our proposed digital track map-assisted SINS/OD algorithm can effectively suppress the accumulation of train position errors. After nearly 80 km of navigation, the position error is 24 m, and the relative mileage accuracy is less than or equal to 0.03% distance.

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