Francesco Esposito, Diana Faiella, Elena Mele

A diagram‐based design procedure for Intermediate Isolation System in existing buildings with inelastic behavior

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

AbstractVertical extensions of existing buildings can be realized through Intermediate Isolation System (IIS): the extension, equipped with a base isolation system on the rooftop of the existing building, can work as a mass damper, thus reducing the seismic demand on the old structure. The idea proposed in this paper is to predict the elastic or inelastic response of the existing structure in the IIS configuration by means of the results of simple linear analyses. Parametric response spectrum analyses are performed on simplified two degree‐of‐freedom models by varying the mass ratio and the periods of both the existing building and the new isolated vertical extension. So‐called IIS design spectra are derived, and the results are provided as design charts. Given the period of the existing building and the mass ratio, the period of the new isolated vertical extension is selected to obtain the required/desired response of the existing building. For existing buildings working in the elastic field, the designer can derive the response of the existing building by utilizing the IIS design spectra as design charts. For existing building working in the inelastic field, the design charts can still be adopted, though within a more complex procedure, which accounts for two limit behaviors that the extended building exhibits in the inelastic field. The outlined design procedure is applied to some case studies and validated through the comparison with the results of nonlinear time history analyses.

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