DOI: 10.3390/wevj15020038 ISSN: 2032-6653

A Deep Learning Method for the Health State Prediction of Lithium-Ion Batteries Based on LUT-Memory and Quantization

Mohamed H. Al-Meer
  • Automotive Engineering

The precise determination of the state of health (SOH) of lithium-ion batteries is critical in the domain of battery management systems. The proposed model in this research paper emulates any deep learning or machine learning model by utilizing a Look Up Table (LUT) memory to store all activation inputs and their corresponding outputs. The operation that follows the completion of training is referred to as the LUT memory preparation procedure. This method’s lookup process supplants the inference process entirely and simply. This is achieved by discretizing the input data and features before binarizing them. The term for the aforementioned operation is the LUT inference method. This procedure was evaluated in this study using two distinct neural network architectures: a bidirectional long short-term memory (LSTM) architecture and a standard fully connected neural network (FCNN). It is anticipated that considerably greater efficiency and velocity will be achieved during the inference procedure when the pre-trained deep neural network architecture is inferred directly. The principal aim of this research is to construct a lookup table that effectively establishes correlations between the SOH of lithium-ion batteries and ensures a degree of imprecision that is tolerable. According to the results obtained from the NASA PCoE lithium-ion battery dataset, the proposed methodology exhibits a performance that is largely comparable to that of the initial machine learning models. Utilizing the error assessment metrics RMSE, MAE, and (MAPE), the accuracy of the SOH prediction has been quantitatively evaluated. The indicators mentioned above demonstrate a significant degree of accuracy when predicting SOH.

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