Lauren Fields, Min Ma, Kellen DeLaney, Ashley Phetsanthad, Lingjun Li

A crustacean neuropeptide spectral library for data‐independent acquisition (DIA) mass spectrometry applications

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry

AbstractNeuropeptides have tremendous potential for application in modern medicine, including utility as biomarkers and therapeutics. To overcome the inherent challenges associated with neuropeptide identification and characterization, data‐independent acquisition (DIA) is a fitting mass spectrometry (MS) method of choice to achieve sensitive and accurate analysis. It is advantageous for preliminary neuropeptidomic studies to occur in less complex organisms, with crustacean models serving as a popular choice due to their relatively simple nervous system. With spectral libraries serving as a means to interpret DIA‐MS output spectra, and Cancer borealis as a model of choice for neuropeptide analysis, we performed the first spectral library mapping of crustacean neuropeptides. Leveraging pre‐existing data‐dependent acquisition (DDA) spectra, a spectral library was built using PEAKS Online. The library is comprised of 333 unique neuropeptides. The identification results obtained through the use of this spectral library were compared with those achieved through library‐free analysis of crustacean brain, pericardial organs (PO), and thoracic ganglia (TG) tissues. A statistically significant increase (Student's t‐test, P value < 0.05) in the number of identifications achieved from the TG data was observed in the spectral library results. Furthermore, in each of the tissues, a distinctly different set of identifications was found in the library search compared to the library‐free search. This work highlights the necessity for the use of spectral libraries in neuropeptide analysis, illustrating the advantage of spectral libraries for interpreting DIA spectra in a reproducible manner with greater neuropeptidomic depth.

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