DOI: 10.3390/reactions5010001 ISSN: 2624-781X

A Critical Review of the Sustainable Production and Application of Methanol as a Biochemical and Bioenergy Carrier

Arash Yahyazadeh, Sonil Nanda, Ajay K. Dalai
  • General Medicine

There is a growing interest in the production of biofuels and biochemicals from renewable biomass. Biomass in the form of woody and agricultural residues, municipal solid waste and other organic refuse is becoming popular as a feedstock for biofuel and biochemical production through thermochemical and biological routes. Methanol, a widely used industrial chemical, also has clean fuel properties due to its high-octane number, low flammability, low emissions and high engine performance. This paper performs a comprehensive review of different thermochemical and biological processes able to sustainably convert waste biomass to methanol. This article also evaluates the techno-economic assessment and lifecycle analysis of different processes used for methanol production. The article discusses the effects of process parameters and biomass properties on methanol production and utilization. Finally, the article concludes with recommendations on the eco-friendly aspects of methanol for use as a clean fuel and chemical derived from renewable organic bioresources.

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