DOI: 10.3390/buildings14010036 ISSN: 2075-5309

A Continuously Derivable Uniaxial Tensile Stress-Strain Model of Cold-Formed Circular Steels

Chang Yang, Ling Ying, Binbin Wang, Qi Li
  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture

Promoting prefabricated steel structures is considered one of the crucial approaches to meeting the objectives of “carbon peak” and “carbon neutrality” in the construction industry. Due to insufficient practical experience and incomplete fine engineering techniques in civil construction, the sustainable development of prefabricated building systems in China faces many challenges. Taking steel components as an example, the design process of tubular columns does not pay enough attention to the influence of the cold-working effect on material mechanical properties, and the constitutive relationship of cold-formed steels is not clear, which will cause an engineering economic burden and may affect the judgment of catastrophic problems. To serve the refined design and meet the intelligent construction technology using the computer platform, a modified Menegotto-Pinto model using a continuously derivable function is proposed in the paper. The proposed model can successfully describe the complete stress-strain curve of cold-formed circular mild steels as long as the basic mechanical parameters of the parent material are determined. Taking into account the influence of the strength and thickness of the parent steel sheets, as well as the internal bending radius r, on the cold-rolling effect, the model can also flexibly track the elastic-plastic nonlinearity of the cold-formed materials. In addition, the research shows that the cold-rolling effect will weaken with the increase of the yield strength fsy,0 of the parent steels and r/t ratio, and may disappear when fsy,0 reaches 1748 MPa or the r/t ratio is approximately 60, which can be used as economic indicators during the design process.

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