Chenguang Zhou, Bin Li, Wenli Yang, Tianrui Liu, Haoran Yu, Siyao Liu, Zhen Yang

A Comprehensive Study on the Influence of Superheated Steam Treatment on Lipolytic Enzymes, Physicochemical Characteristics, and Volatile Composition of Lightly Milled Rice

  • Plant Science
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Health (social science)
  • Microbiology
  • Food Science

Enzyme inactivation is crucial for enhancing the shelf life of lightly milled rice (LMR), yet the impact of diverse superheated steam (SS) treatment conditions on lipolytic enzyme efficiency, physicochemical properties, and volatile profiles of LMR remains unclear. This study investigated varying SS conditions, employing temperatures of 120 °C, 140 °C, and 160 °C and exposure times of 2, 4, 6, and 8 min. The research aimed to discern the influence of these conditions on enzyme activities, physicochemical characteristics, and quality attributes of LMR. Results indicated a significant rise in the inactivation rate with increased treatment temperature or duration, achieving a notable 70% reduction in enzyme activities at 120 °C for 6 min. Prolonged exposure to higher temperatures also induced pronounced fissures on LMR surfaces. Furthermore, intensive SS treatment led to a noteworthy 5.52% reduction in the relative crystallinity of LMR starch. GC/MS analysis revealed a consequential decrease, ranging from 44.7% to 65.7%, in undesirable odor ketones post-SS treatment. These findings underscore the potential of SS treatment in enhancing the commercial attributes of LMR.

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