DOI: 10.1155/2023/5493978 ISSN: 1098-1004

A Comprehensive LOVD Database for Fatty Acid Oxidation Disorders in Chinese Populations

Ting Zhang, Zinan Yu, Lingwei Hu, Chao Zhang, Haixia Miao, Rulai Yang, Ming Qi, Benqing Wu, Xinwen Huang
  • Genetics (clinical)
  • Genetics

Fatty acid oxidation disorders (FAODs) are a group of rare, autosomal recessive, metabolic disorders with clinical symptoms from mild types of fatigue, muscle weakness to severe types of hypoketotic hypoglycemia, (cardio)myopathy, arrhythmia, and rhabdomyolysis, especially during prolonged fasting, exercise, and illness. There are eleven diseases caused by thirteen FAOD genes (SLC22A5, ETFDH, ETFA, ETFB, SLC25A20, ACADS, ACADM, ACADVL, ACAT1, CPT1A, CPT2, HADHA, and HADHB) which are specific enzymes or transport proteins involved in the mitochondrial catabolism of fatty acids. We built the LOVD database for FAODs focused on the Chinese population, in which we recorded all the reported variants by literature peer review. In addition, the unpublished variant data of patients from Zhejiang province were also incorporated into the database. Currently, a total of 538 unique variants have been recorded. We also compared the incidence of high-frequency variants of certain FAOD genes among different populations. The database would provide the guidance for genetic screening of Chinese patients.

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