A comparative study on selecting acoustic modeling units for WFST-based Mongolian Speech RecognitionYonghe Wang, Feilong Bao, Gaunglai Gao
- General Computer Science
Traditional WFST-based Mongolian automatic speech recognition (ASR) systems use phonemes as pronunciation lexicon modeling units. However, Mongolian is an agglutinative, low-resource language, and building an ASR system based on the phoneme pronunciation lexicon remains a challenge for various reasons. First, the phoneme pronunciation lexicon manually constructed by Mongolian linguists is finite, which is usually used to build a grapheme-to-phoneme conversion (G2P) model to frequently expand new words. However, the data sparsity makes the robustness of the G2P model not well and affects the performance of the final ASR system. Second, homophones and polysyllabic words are common in Mongolian, which has a certain impact on the construction of the Mongolian acoustic model. To address these problems, in this work, we first propose a grapheme-to-phoneme alignment (GPA) model to obtain the mapping relationship between phonemes and subword units. Then, we construct an acoustic subword segmentation set to segment words directly instead of using the traditional G2P method to predict phoneme sequences to expand the pronunciation lexicon. Further, by analyzing the Mongolian encoding form, we also propose an acoustic subword modeling units construction method that removes control characters. Finally, we investigate various acoustic subword modeling units for pronunciation lexicon construction for the Mongolian ASR system. Experiments on a Mongolian dataset with 325 hours of training set show that the pronunciation lexicon based on the acoustic subword modeling unit can effectively construct the WFST-based Mongolian ASR system. Further, removing the control characters when building the acoustic subword modeling unit can further improve the ASR system performance.