DOI: 10.1097/ms9.0000000000001334 ISSN: 2049-0801

A case report of Cronkhite–Canada syndrome first encounterd at a hospital in northern Vietnam

Long Cong Nguyen, Thuy Thi Pham, Tung Thanh Nguyen, Nam Hoai Nguyen, Tuan Van Kieu, Giang Anh Do, Ha Thi-Ngoc Doan, Chuong Van Tran, Nhung Thi Vu
  • General Medicine
  • Surgery

Introduction and importance:

Cronkhite–Canada syndrome (CCS) is an extremely rare non-inherited syndrome first described in 1955 with only about 500 more cases reported so far. Since the aetiology of the disease remains unknown, there were no specific treatments in consensus. In many countries, CCS is a completely new condition that may confuse physicians at first encounter. Lessons should be learned from these cases by gastrointestinal specialists to be aware of this condition in any circumstances.

Case presentation:

The authors reported a case study of a 45-year-old Vietnamese male with CCS diagnosis, which encountered at our centre for the first time.

Clinical discussion:

The definitive diagnosis was provided by combining clinical characteristics, and endoscopic and histopathologic features, after excluding other causes of gastrointestinal polyposis. The patient responds to corticosteroids, proton pump inhibitors, and nutritional support right after treatment. After 1 year of treatment, his symptoms ameliorated completely although colon polyps insignificantly reduced.


Gastroenterologists should always be aware of patients with CCS with the following symptoms: gastrointestinal hamartomatous polyps, diarrhoea, and the dermatologic triad of alopecia, hyperpigmentation, and onychodystrophy.

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