DOI: 10.1097/md.0000000000037110 ISSN: 0025-7974

A case report: Castleman disease treated by the trinity of internal and external treatment of “Fuzheng, phlegm-resolving, and detoxification method”

Xinbei Yuan, Hua Fu, Min Xu, Wei Shen, Wenyi Zhou, Xi Li, Xinjin Gan
  • General Medicine


Castleman disease (CD) was first included in the CSCO lymphoma diagnosis and treatment guidelines in 2021. Its diagnosis relies on lymph node pathological examination. Observation, surgical resection of the lesion, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and medical therapy (e.g., rituximab, siltuximab, steroids) can be used. Due to the traumatic, incurable, and recurrent nature of surgical treatment, drug therapy has many side effects and is expensive. Exploring effective traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) comprehensive treatment methods for this disease is important and necessary.

Patient concerns:

The main symptom was recurrent lymphadenopathy, which had been surgically removed 5 times in the past. This time, lymph node enlargement occurred again, and the local hospital recommended surgical resection again. The patient could not tolerate another surgical treatment. Other targeted treatments are not available due to financial constraints.


The case was diagnosed as CD by pathological examination, which is an important basis for the diagnosis of this disease.


The patient was treated with surgery in the early stage several times, later came to our hospital for the trinity of TCM integrated treatment program, which combines oral TCM with external application of TCM and intravenous drip of TCM as a syndrome of positive deficiency and phlegm-toxin internalization, and the therapeutic principle.


After nearly 3 years of comprehensive treatment with TCM, the enlarged lymph nodes could not be touched, and there was no fatigue, fever, or weight loss. During this period, the patient did not undergo surgery, chemotherapy and other western medicine treatment, and lived a normal life. It not only met the patient’s expectation but also confirmed that the TCM treatment was indeed effective.


This case report confirms that TCM is safe and effective in the treatment of CD, which is worthy of promotion. In clinical practice, the individualized treatment for the patient, the duration of treatment, and the different disease states also affect the treatment outcome.

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