DOI: 10.1097/md.0000000000036272 ISSN: 0025-7974

A case of brain arteriovenous malformation treated by high-pressure cooker technique assisted with anhydrous alcohol embolization: A case report

Cui Zhang, Qingbo Wang, Chenglong Li, Zefu Li
  • General Medicine


Brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVMs) are a relatively rare but very dangerous developmental abnormality of the blood vessels. Intracranial hemorrhage is the most common clinical manifestation of BAVMs, and has a high rate of rebleeding, disability, and mortality, which has a serious impact on patients’ quality of life and working ability. Endovascular intervention was a new technique that emerged in recent years. Anhydrous ethanol embolization has been used with satisfactory results in the treatment of peripheral arteriovenous malformations, but there is a lack of practice in the treatment of BAVMs. We tried to treat BAVMs by embolizing malformed vessels with anhydrous alcohol in order to provide a safe and effective treatment for more patients with BAVMs.

Patient concerns:

The patient was admitted to our hospital in the emergency department with “sudden onset of headache for more than 4 hours.” At the time of admission, the patient was clearly conscious, not mentally alert, spoke fluently, and had a normal level of orientations. The direct and indirect responses to light were blunted. The patient’s muscle strength, muscle tone, and sensation of the extremities were normal. National Institute of Health stroke scale score was 1. Head computed tomography at the onset suggested a right occipital hemorrhage and hematoma formation.


Brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVMs) were suspected based on preoperative imaging findings.


After obtaining the consent of the patient and their family members, we performed whole brain angiography to determine the location of the lesion, and then, with the help of high-pressure cooker technology, targeted embolization of interventional BAVM was performed. The high-pressure cooker technology was achieved through spring coils, and the embolic material was anhydrous ethanol.


The surgery was successful, and the patient recovered well without recurrence.


The successful performance of this surgery illustrates the feasibility of anhydrous ethanol-targeted ablation for BAVMs.

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