DOI: 10.1002/adma.202305310 ISSN: 0935-9648

A Breakthrough in Solution‐Processed Ultra‐Deep‐Blue HLCT OLEDs: A Record External Quantum Efficiency Exceeding 10% Based on Novel V‐Shaped Emitters

Chuanxin Liao, Bo Chen, Qi Xie, Xianggao Li, Hongli Liu, Shirong Wang
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • General Materials Science


It is always a great challenge to achieve high‐efficiency solution‐processed ultra‐deep‐blue organic light‐emitting diodes (OLEDs) with the Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE) 1931 chromaticity coordinates matching the blue primary of Rec. International Telecommunication Union‐Radiocommunication BT.2100, which specifies high dynamic range television image parameters. Inspired by hybrid local and charge transfer (HLCT) excited state emitters improving exciton utilization through high‐lying reverse intersystem crossing, here, a series of high‐performance blue emitters by a V‐shaped symmetric donor (D)–π–acceptor (A)–π–D design strategy are developed. Here, the large torsions and unstable bonds of D–A structures can be improved through π bridges, and also the conjugation length and donor groups can be easily adjusted. The obtained emitters merit excellent photophysical and electrochemical properties, thermal stability, solution processibility, and HLCT excited state excellence. Results suggest that the OLEDs based on the obtained blue emitters all achieve high maximum external quantum efficiency (EQEmax) of more than 8% with very low efficiency roll‐off. In particular, the device based on 4ʹ,5ʹ‐bis(4‐(9H‐carbazol‐9‐yl)phenyl)spiro[fluorene‐9,2ʹ‐imidazole] exhibits a satisfactory ultra‐deep‐blue emission (CIEx,y = 0.1579, 0.0387) and a record‐high EQEmax (10.40%) among solution‐processed HLCT OLEDs, which is very close to the record EQEmax of devices by vacuum vapor deposition technology.

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