DOI: 10.1049/pel2.12637 ISSN: 1755-4535

A bidirectional high voltage ratio DC–DC topology for energy storage systems in microgrid

Mohamad Reza Banaei, Mohamad Golmohamadi, Hadi Afsharirad
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


This study proposes a bidirectional DC–DC converter with low voltage stress on its semiconductor elements and high voltage gain. Bidirectional DC–DC converters play a crucial role in DC microgrid systems, and they have been used for many applications such as power flow management, battery storage systems, voltage regulation, and electric vehicle (EV) charging systems. This paper proposes a novel non‐isolated, bidirectional DC–DC converter with an improved voltage gain conversion ratio. In the structure of the proposed converter, the coupled inductor provides high voltage gain and is employed to reduce the overall voltage stress across the main switches. Additionally, a filter inductor on the input‐low voltage side of the converter reduces current ripple. In addition, a single switch is used in boost mode, which simplifies control of the converter. Furthermore, two power switches receive simultaneous pulses for adjusting the buck stage voltage gain. Also, in the following, the mathematical calculations and the small signal analysis for the proposed converter are provided. Furthermore, a 200 W prototype is finally implemented, and its results are validated by the theoretical analysis.

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