DOI: 10.1142/s2661318223741462 ISSN: 2661-3182

#44 : Effects of Optimum (Optimization of Thyroid, Thrombophilia, Immunity, and Uterine Milieu) Treatment Strategy on Euploid Blastocyst Transfer in Advanced Aged Women with Recurrent Reproductive Failure

Keiji Kuroda, Takashi Horikawa, Azusa Moriyama, Keisuke Shiobara, Satoru Takamizawa, Yasushi Kuribayashi, Koji Nakagawa, Rikikazu Sugiyama
  • General Medicine

Background and Aims: Does the Optimization of Thyroid function, Thrombophilia, Immunity and Uterine Milieu (OPTIMUM) treatment strategy contribute to improving pregnancy outcomes after single euploid blastocyst transfer (SEBT) in patients with a history of repeated implantation failure (RIF) and/or recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL)?

Method: Between January 2019 and May 2022, women aged ≥ 40 years with RIF after three or more embryo transfer using morphology good embryos and/or RPL after two or more clinical pregnancy losses underwent preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A) and RIF/RPL testing, including a hysteroscopy, endometrial biopsy for CD138 immunostaining and bacterial culture, and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3, interferon-γ-producing helper-T (Th1) cell, IL-4-producing helper-T (Th2) cell, thyroid-stimulating hormone, thyroid peroxidase antibody, and thrombophilia screening. We treated chronic endometritis with antibiotics, high Th1/Th2 cell ratios with vitamin D and/or tacrolimus, overt/subclinical hypothyroidism with levothyroxine, and thrombophilia with low-dose aspirin. Of 160 consecutive women who underwent SEBT, we compared 127 and 33 women with and without the OPTIMUM treatment strategy, respectively.

Results: RIF/RPL testing identified intrauterine abnormalities in 67 (52.8%), aberrant high Th1/Th2 cell ratios in 38 (29.9%), thyroid dysfunction in 19 (15.0%), and thrombophilia in 24 (18.9%). The clinical pregnancy and live birth rates in the OPTIMUM group was significantly higher than that in the control group (73.9% and 45.5%, respectively; p = 0.005 and 64.7% and 39.4%, respectively; p = 0.01) in women with RIF (Table 1). Whereas there was no significant difference of miscarriage rate in RPL women with and without OPTIMUM (5.5% and 13.3%, respectively; p = 0.58).

Conclusion: In the women aged ≥40 years with RIF who underwent PGT-A, the OPTIMUM treatment strategy improved pregnancy outcomes after SEBT. In RPL, however, both PGT-A with and without OPTIMUM resulted in low miscarriage rates and no significant difference was recognized.

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