431. RARE CASE OF CONTAINED ESOPHAGEAL PERFORATION IN LONG STANDING ACHALASIA CARDIA AND ITS SUCCESSFUL MANAGEMENTKanchan Sachanandani, Prashant Salvi, Pinky Thapar
- General Medicine
Esophageal perforation is the most feared complication after any intervention in achalasia cardia, especially after pneumatic dilation. We present a case of contained perforation after manometry in a long-standing case of achalasia cardia and its successful management.
A 64-year-old lady, known case of long-standing Rheumatoid arthritis on steroids and methotrexate, presented to us with complains of dysphagia to solids and liquids and 15 kgs weight loss in the past 3 years. On evaluation, she was dehydrated and cachexic. Upper GI endoscopy showed lot of food residue with erosions in body of esophagus and tight LES. Barium swallow showed sigmoid esophagus with typical bird beak appearance. Patient was admitted for hydration and nutritional optimization was done with nasojejunal feeding. She was further subjected to manometry to characterize the achalasia, which couldn’t be completed despite multiple forceful attempts. After 5 days, she was admitted for elective surgery. A CT scan of chest was done to evaluate the anatomy thoroughly before surgery, which showed contained mucosal perforation in lower esophagus on right side with minimal right pleural effusion. We planned for surgery next day.
Laparoscopic Heller’s cardiomyotomy with Dor’s fundoplication was done with thoracoscopic lavage. Intra-operatively, upper GI endoscopy with minimal insufflation was done to confirm adequate cardiomyotomy and to look for the site of perforation. The perforation was not found. Hence, right thoracoscopy was done, which showed reactive pleural effusion without any food contents. Lavage was given and ICD was placed. Feeding jejunostomy was done laparoscopically. Patient was kept NBM for 7 days and JT feeds were started on POD 1 and gradually increased. ICD removed on POD 7. Oral gastrograffin contrast study was done on POD 8, which showed delayed passage at 5 minutes and no extravasation. Oral liquids were started and escalated gradually. Supplemental high protein nutrition was given through JT feeding. Patient was discharged on POD 15. At 1 month follow up, patient had 2 kgs weight gain and tolerated semisoft diet adequately.
Successful management of contained perforation in long standing achalasia cardia was achieved by targeting the source pathology in an already immunocompromised patient.