DOI: 10.1142/s2661318223741449 ISSN: 2661-3182

#40 : Correlation Between Pre-Trigger Estradiol Levels and the Number of Mature Oocytes in Patients Who Underwent In Vitro Fertilization

Nadia Shafira, Liva Wijaya, Ayang Halim, Boy Abidin, Tri Bowo Hasmoro, Budi Wiweko
  • General Medicine

Background and Aims: Strong association between pre-trigger estradiol levels on the day of human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) administration and the number of mature oocytes retrieved was widely reported. Consequently, higher estradiol levels measured might give a prediction of the higher number of mature oocytes retrieved on Ovum Pick Up (OPU) procedure. This study was done to investigate the correlation between pre-trigger estradiol levels and number of mature oocytes retrieved in patients who underwent In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) cycles in Indonesian population.

Method: A cross sectional study was done at Mbrio IVF Clinic, Mitra Keluarga Hospital Kelapa Gading, Jakarta, Indonesia. Data was collected from the medical records of 77 patients who underwent IVF cycles between September 2021 and March 2023. The level of estradiol on the hCG administration day and the number of mature oocytes retrieved were analysed to find any correlation between both variables using the Spearman Test.

Results: There were 77 women who underwent IVF procedures with the age range between 27 and 45-year-old (mean 35,5 ± 4,52). Most of them (83%) had primary infertility and had infertility between 1 to 14 years (mean 5,5 ± 3,48). These subjects came to the clinic mostly due to both male and female factors (49,4%), followed by male factor only (27,3%). E2 on hCG day ranged between 194 to 13.000 pg/ml with the median 2.709 pg/ml, and the mature oocytes retrieved ranged between 0 and 31 with a median of 8 oocytes. A statistically significant correlation (r = 0.827; p<0.01) was found between the estradiol level and mature oocytes retrieved.

Conclusion: Pre-trigger Estradiol level can be used as a predictor for the number of mature oocytes retrieved in IVF cycle as these two variables are strongly correlated to each other. A multi-centre study with larger sample size is needed to validate current data.

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