DOI: 10.2174/1573405620666230612125447 ISSN: 1573-4056

3D Synthetic Brain MRI with Compressed Sensing: A Promising Way Forward for Daily Neuroimaging

Hye Jin Baek, Young Jin Heo, Eun Cho, Kwangho Lee
  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and imaging


Synthetic MRI can provide multiple contrast-weighted brain images with high resolution from a single scan via a 3D sequence using an interleaved Look-Locker acquisition sequence with a T2 preparation pulse (3D-QALAS).


This study aimed to assess the diagnostic image quality of 3D synthetic MRI using compressed sensing (CS) in clinical practice.


We retrospectively reviewed the imaging data of 47 patients who underwent brain MRI, including 3D synthetic MRI using CS in a single session, between December 2020 and February 2021. Two neuroradiologists independently evaluated the overall image quality, anatomic demarcation, and artifacts for synthetic 3D T1-weighted, T2-weighted, FLAIR, phase-sensitive inversion recovery (PSIR), and double inversion recovery images, using a 5-point Likert scale. The interobserver agreement between the two readers was assessed using percent agreement and weighted κ statistics.


The overall image quality of 3D synthetic T1WI and PSIR was good to excellent, with easy or excellent anatomic demarcation and mild or no visible artifact. However, other 3D synthetic MRI-derived images showed insufficient image quality and anatomic demarcation with marked CSF pulsation artifacts. In particular, 3D synthetic FLAIR showed high-signal artifacts on the brain surface.


3D synthetic MRI, at its current status, cannot completely replace conventional brain MRI in daily clinical practice. However, 3D synthetic MRI can achieve scan-time reduction using CS and parallel imaging and may be useful for motion-prone or pediatric patients requiring 3D images where time-efficiency is important.

More from our Archive