DOI: 10.3390/ijms25010018 ISSN: 1422-0067

[3+2]-Cycloaddition of Nitrile Imines to Parabanic Acid Derivatives—An Approach to Novel Spiroimidazolidinediones

Juliana V. Kuznetsova, Varvara T. Tkachenko, Lada M. Petrovskaya, Maria E. Filkina, Dmitry E. Shybanov, Yuri K. Grishin, Vitaly A. Roznyatovsky, Viktor A. Tafeenko, Anna S. Pestretsova, Vera A. Yakovleva, Vadim S. Pokrovsky, Maxim E. Kukushkin, Elena K. Beloglazkina
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Spectroscopy
  • Molecular Biology
  • General Medicine
  • Catalysis

Approximately 1,3-Dipolar cycloaddition of imidazolidine derivatives containing exocyclic double bonds is a convenient method of creating spiro-conjugated molecules with promising anticancer activity. In this work, the derivatives of parabanic acid (2-thioxoimidazolidine-4,5-diones and 5-aryliminoimidazolidine-2,4-diones) were first investigated as dipolarophiles in the reactions with nitrile imines. The generation of nitrile imines was carried out either by the addition of tertiary amine to hydrazonoyl chlorides «drop by drop» or using the recently proposed diffusion mixing technique, which led to ~5–15% increases in target compound yields. It was found that the addition of nitrile imines to C=S or C=N exocyclic double bonds led to 1,2,4-thiazolines or triazolines and occurred regioselectively in accordance with the ratio of FMO coefficients of reactants. The yield of the resulting spiro-compound depended on the presence of alkyl substituents in the nitrile imine structure and was significantly decreased in reactions with imines with strong electron donor or electron-withdrawing groups. Some of the obtained compounds showed reasonable in vitro cytotoxicity. IC50 values were calculated for HCT116 (colon cancer) cells using the MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) test.

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