DOI: 10.1142/s2661318223743175 ISSN: 2661-3182

#229 : The Impact of Menopausal Phase to Depression

Abida Zuhra Jatiningtyas, Syecha Tsania Alaydrus, Christa Edo Nugroho, Eriana Melinawati, Uki Retno Budihastuti, Abdurahman Laqif, Agung Sari Wijayanti
  • General Medicine

Background and Aims: In premenopausal and menopause women, a woman will start to experience mood problem and in more severe cases can cause depression. Researchers have connected the relation between hormonal changes that occur with the emersion of the symptom. In Indonesia, the awareness of the community to check themselves due to mental disorders is still quite low. This leaves many cases of depression have not been revealed. The main objective of this study was to find out the relation of menopause and depression by evaluating the subjects result of Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D).

Method: This research used thematic analysis of semi-structured interview based on Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D). The collected data were analysed using IBM SPSS Statistic 23.0 for windows. The populations in this study are all women aged between 40-60 years, totaling 60 people. The choosing of the patients based on some criteria: 1) the data was taken from women aged 40 and above; 2) showing symptoms of premenopausal or menopause; 3) The researcher did not consider patient’s history of depression and other mental disorder; 4) That person have agreed to the informed consent.

Results: Measurements Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) classified someone as suffering severe depression disorder if the test score is 24 and above, moderate depression if the score between 17-23, mild depression score is 8-16, and normal if the score is below 8. The statistically significant score is set up at p <0.05 if there is correlation between menopausal and depression. Women experiencing menopause tend to tend to experience depression; (Correlation Coefficient = 0.176); (p=0.179 or p>0.05) compared to those of women without menopause or premenopausal.

Conclusion: The changes into menopausal phase increase the risk of being depressed even though it is low.

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