224. A SUCCESSFUL CASE OF VACUUM-STENT TREATMENT FOR BOERHAAVE SYNDROMELisanne Pattynama, Wietse J Eshuis, Roos Pouw
- General Medicine
Boerhaave syndrome is a rare disease, associated with severe morbidity and mortality. Endoscopic vacuum therapy (EVT) has gained a greater role in the treatment of transmural defects in the upper gastrointestinal tract, including Boerhaave syndrome. Recently, a vacuum-stent was introduced as a new device to apply EVT. While allowing for oral intake of a soft diet, this device combines the benefits of negative pressure wound therapy and an intraluminal stent.
This video describes a patient with Boerhaave syndrome, successfully treated with a vacuum-stent, including the technical aspects of the technique. First, a guidewire was placed and the vacuum-stent was advanced over the guidewire and introduced into the esophagus. The vacuum-stent was placed over the defect and deployed using the distal release system. Lastly, the vacuum-stent was connected to a vacuum pump, which was set to a pressure of -125 mmHg on the day of placement and -75 mmHg from the second day on. Generally, a vacuum-stent was removed after 7 days. If the defect persisted, another vacuum-stent was placed.
Case/Results: A 36-year-old male presented with severe abdominal pain after emesis. CT-scan showed suspicion of a defect in the distal esophagus and an endoscopy was performed. Endoscopy showed a defect of 2 cm in length with moderate degree of debris. It was decided to initiate treatment with vacuum-stent. The vacuum stent was exchanged once per week and after a total of 31 days, the defect was closed, confirmed by CT-scan with oral contrast. During treatment, oral intake was extended to a soft diet. One day after removal, the patient resumed oral intake and was discharged.
The vacuum-stent seems to be a safe and possibly organ-saving treatment option for transmural defects in the upper gastrointestinal tract, including Boerhaave syndrome.
Link to video: https://we.tl/t-IA5oM70TX5