Monique G. Alves, Laertty G. S. Cabral, Paulo G. F. Totti, Felipe R. Azarias, Karine T. Pomini, Rose E. G. Rici, Rosa A. N. Laiso, Durvanei A. Maria

2-Aminoethyl Dihydrogen Phosphate (2-AEH2P) Associated with Cell Metabolism-Modulating Drugs Presents a Synergistic and Pro-Apoptotic Effect in an In Vitro Model of the Ascitic Ehrlich Tumor

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

The progression and maintenance of cancer characteristics are associated with cellular components linked to the tumor and non-cellular components with pro-tumoral properties. Pharmacological association with antagonists of the cellular components of the tumor, such as anti- and pro-apoptotic drugs, represents a novel adjuvant strategy. In this study, the antiproliferative, pro-apoptotic, and pharmacological effects of the combination of monophosphoester 2-AEH2P with Simvastatin, Coenzyme Q10, the chemotherapeutic drug paclitaxel, and colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) were evaluated. Tests were conducted to determine cytotoxic activity using the MTT method, cell cycle phases, and fragmented DNA by flow cytometry, mitochondrial membrane potential, expression of cell markers Bcl2, TNF-α/DR-4, Cytochrome c, caspase 3, and P53, and analysis of drug combination profiles using Synergy Finder 2.0 Software. The results showed a synergistic effect among the combinations, compared to individual treatments with the monophosphoester and other drugs. In addition, there was modulation of marker expression, indicating a pro-apoptotic and immunomodulatory effect of 2-AEH2P. Pharmacological analysis revealed that tumor cells treated with GM-CSF + 2-AEH2P exhibited a synergistic effect, while groups of tumor cells treated with paclitaxel, Coenzyme Q10, and Simvastatin showed additive effects. Furthermore, treatment with the paclitaxel + 2-AEH2P combination (12 h) resulted in a significant reduction in mitochondrial membrane potential. Pharmacological combinations for normal cells did not exhibit deleterious effects compared to mammary carcinomatosis tumor (EAT) cells.

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