DOI: 10.3390/cancers15153850 ISSN: 2072-6694

15-Year Experience of Distal Pancreatectomy with Celiac Axis Resection (DP-CAR) for Pancreatic Cancer—A Korean Nationwide Investigation

So Jeong Yoon, Sang-Jae Park, Yoo-Seok Yoon, Tae-Ho Hong, Jin-Young Jang, Hee Joon Kim, Jin Seok Heo, Dae Wook Hwang, In Woong Han
  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Background: As systemic treatment for pancreatic cancer advances, distal pancreatectomy with celiac axis resection (DP-CAR) has been considered a curative-intent surgical option for advanced pancreatic cancer. This study aimed to review the surgical and oncologic outcomes of patients undergoing DP-CAR based on Korean nationwide data. Methods: We collected the data of patients who underwent DP-CAR for pancreatic cancer between 2007 and 2021 at seven major hospitals in Korea. The clinicopathological characteristics, postoperative complications, and data on the survival of the patients were retrospectively reviewed. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors for postoperative complications and survival. Results: A total of 75 patients, consisting mainly of borderline resectable (n = 32) or locally advanced (n = 30) pancreatic cancer, were included in the analysis. Forty-two (56.0%) patients underwent neoadjuvant treatment (NAT). Twenty (26.7%) patients experienced Clavien–Dindo grade ≥ 3 complications, including four patients with ischemic gastropathy, two with hepatic ischemia, and two procedure-related mortalities. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy increased the risk of postoperative complications (p = 0.028). The median recurrence-free and overall survival were 7 and 19 months, with a 5-year survival rate of 13% and 24%, respectively. In the NAT group, a decrease in CA 19-9 and the post-NAT maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) in positron emission tomography were associated with survival after surgical resection. Conclusions: Despite the possibility of major complications, DP-CAR could be a feasible option for achieving curative resection with fair survival outcomes in patients with borderline resectable or locally advanced pancreatic cancer. Further studies investigating the safety of the procedure and identifying proper surgical candidates with potential survival gains are necessary.

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