DOI: 10.1302/1358-992x.2023.8.015 ISSN: 1358-992X


H. Li, H. Chen

Osteoporosis is a common problem in postmenopausal women and the elderly. 11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) is a bi-directional enzyme that primarily activates glucocorticoids (GCs) in vivo, which is a considerable potential target as treatment for osteoporosis. Previous studies have demonstrated its effect on osteogenesis, and our study aimed to demonstrate its effect on osteoclast activation.

In vivo, we used 11β-HSD1 knock-off (KO) and C57BL6/J mice to undergo the ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis (OVX). In vitro, In vivo, We used 11β-HSD1 knockoff (KO) and C57BL6/J mice to undergo the ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis (OVX). In vitro, bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMM) and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) of KO and C57BL6/J mice were extracted to test their osteogenic and osteoclastic abilities. We then created osteoclastic 11β-HSD1 elimination mice (Ctsk::11β-HSD1fl/fl) and treated them with OVX. Micro-CT analysis, H&E, immunofluorescence staining, and qPCR were performed. Finally, we conducted the high-throughput sequencing to find out 11β-HSD1 and osteoclast activation related genes.

We collected 6w samples after modeling. We found that KO mice were resistant to loss of bone trabeculae. The same effect was observed in osteoclastic 11β-HSD1 elimination mice. Meanwhile, BVT-2733, a classic inhibitor of 11β-HSD1, inhibited the osteoclast effect of cells without affecting osteogenic effect in vitro. High-throughput sequencing suggested that glucocorticoid receptor (GR) may play a key role in the activation of osteoclasts, which was verified by immunofluorescence staining and WB in vivo and in vitro.

In the process of osteoporosis, 11β-HSD1 expression of osteoclasts is abnormally increased, which may be a new target for inhibiting osteoclast activation and treating osteoporosis.

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